Research reported on the IUCN’s Red List now estimates that at least 17 percent of ray and shark species may face imminent extinction. Manta rays are captured for their gill rakers that are used in traditional medicine in Asia. Rays are threatened by:

  • Entanglement in fishing nets and lines
  • Trash ingestion
  • Pollution, including oil spills and agricultural and mining runoff
  • Bycatch as part of fishing operations
  • Degradation of coral reefs
  • Boat strikes
  • Climate change